Compacting soil for pavers

How to Compact Pavers without Plate Compactor Step By

Step 1: Excavation Dig the area you want to cover with pavers then level the soil, then compact the soil with a compactor or a hand tamper. It's important to remember that areas exposed only to foot traffic need 4 to 6 inches of base, while areas that will be exposed to heavy traffic, like driveways, need about 12 inches of base Following the addition and proper compaction of the sub-base layer, a 1-inch layer of sand bedding is placed over the entire surface area to connect the pavers to the sub-base and allow a softer surface into which the pavers can settle. After the pavers are placed in the desired pattern, the surface should be compacted Compactors are used to settle and compact the base for laying pavers on a patio or sidewalk, and to level the pavers and settle sand between the joints after they are laid. A vibrating plate compactor is best for installing pavers The leader in soil and paver compactor equipment. Any Landscaper or construction contractor who plans on compacting asphalt or pavers for maintenance purposes has found the right tool in our CR2. Delivering a centrifugal force of 5,620 lbs., this reversible soil compactor is the best lightweight, all-rounder machine you can use on the.

How to compact sand and dirt in preparation for pavers

  1. I was planning on compacting my gravel base on Wed for pavers - We are supposed to have light rain until Tuesday, and get about 1/2 in today Our soil is clay, any my excavated hole is easily the lowest part in the lawn, which means that I now have a some standing water. It won't be bone dry by Wed
  2. Vibratory Plate Compactor 14 category #06 group #603 Handles light duty applications of sand and gravel into crevices to lock in pavers, bricks and blocks using a 14 plate. Ideal for smaller projects like interlocking paving stones, trenches, landscaping and maintenance or any confined area soil compaction
  3. When you do the final compaction, the loose sand will be forced up between the pavers and this will set and secure them. The loose sand will also allow the tamping process to even out the top surface of the pavers. Use the correct bedding material
  4. Also, take into account the weight that is expected to be exerted on the pavers. One type of soil will hold firm for a walkway, but not for a driveway. 2. Make it Compact. The next mistake to avoid is failing to make your chosen sand compact. When compressing sand, the stability of the substrate or base is critical; it should be mechanically.
  5. Vibratory Plate Compactor for Soil Compaction with Kohler Engine and 3 Year Warranty Robust, powerful, and efficient, the TPC80 Robust, powerful, and efficient, the TPC80 vibratory plate is the perfect equipment around the jobsite and household for anyone working on roadways, landscapes, and hardscapes. Equipped with a powerful 5.5 HP Kohler Command PRO CH255 engine, quickly prepare granular.
  6. 1. Backfilling with dirt. If you use dirt as your backfill or base, your pavers will sink, rotate, and separate. Instead of having a smooth surface, you'll have a bumpy, uneven surface. Here's why: dirt shrinks by 30% when compacted. That means, if you backfill with dirt, your hardscape will settle 30%
  7. Thanks for responding. I will be laying antique road pavers (4x9x3-3/4) on 1 non-compacted sand base, 8-10 compacted gravel beneath that. The patio will be against existing concrete driveway on 2 sides and I really want to get the elevations to match but its one of those things where I won't know if it is right until all pavers are laid and compacted which is why I'm asking ahead of time!!
Driveways - Soil Retention

Do you need a plate compactor for pavers

Every Hardscape contractor has a vibratory plate to compact the base and set pavers into sand. The problem is this type of compactor is not sufficient for the sub soil. A vibratory compactor does just that, vibrates. It exerts a a low amplitude and high frequency Pavers rest on a bed of gravel and sand that must be firmly compacted. Compaction increases the load-bearing ability of the soil. It reduces changes in the ground caused by seasonal temperature.. For the first steps in a paver project, compacting the excavated subgrade and then the gravel base, ICPI recommends a 7,000-pound plate compactor, likely a reversible. You could get away with a 5,000-pound machine, but it will take a lot longer, Bowers points out. After laying the pavers, you need to compact them Soil compaction is defined as the method of mechanically increasing the density of soil. In construction, this is a significant part of the building process. If performed improperly, settlement of the soil could occur and result in unnecessary maintenance costs or structur

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Paver stone patios and edging requires well-compacted soil to prevent the materials from shifting, and water aids in compacting the soil even when you use special tamping tools to pack the soil... Compacting a Base for Pavers By Brian Fortner Compaction The concept of a base paver is fairly basic; the plate vibrates below the machine causing smaller particles in the soil to settle in the voids of the material underneath, forming a sturdy compact base

Step 2: After compacting the soil, lay geotextile fabric to allow the water to pass without disturbing the particles underneath. Geotextile fabric is very effective in heavy traffic areas, like driveways, and highly recommended to prevent soil movement beneath the pavers surface and increase the durability of the pavers system When the laying of pavers and closure units is complete, pavers should be compacted and brought to level by not less than three passes of a high frequency low amplitude plate compactor How to use a Tamper Tool to later set Paver Stones or Stone Layer. This video has a 10 by 10 tamper tool to do this DIY project Compactors are used to settle and compact the base for laying pavers on a patio or sidewalk, and to level the pavers and settle sand between the joints after they are laid. A vibrating plate.. 5. Compacted Soil. Compacted soil typically serves as the subgrade level underneath pavers. While you could technically lay your pavers directly into compacted dirt, this can cause issues, such as: Poor drainage: Compacted soil is not guaranteed to drain well. Prolonged wetness and excessive moisture could cause instability and unevenness in.

How to build a base for pavers: a step-by-step guide

  1. This includes pavers and support blocks for patios. In some climates, massive differences between winter and summer precipitation can cause the soil to expand and shrink throughout the year. Irrigating in the summer helps the soil maintain and regain its structure, preventing foundation damage. To compact the soil around a structure, lay.
  2. If it seems to hit abnormally, that can be a sign that the soil is over compacted. Most compactors come with a compaction rating. A common trick used in the industry is, take the max compaction depth rating (example, 24 inches) and divide it by 3 (24/3=8). If this number ends up being larger than the layer of soil being placed (say, 4 inches.
  3. This often requires compacted road base (fine and coarse gravel mix) depending on your soil and the traffic you will have on the paved area. If the base is compacted and the sand screeded properly then you don't need to use a compactor on the pavers
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Step 1: Excavation. Dig the area you want to cover with pavers then level the soil, then compact the soil with a compactor or a hand tamper. It's important to remember that areas exposed only to foot traffic need 4 to 6 inches of base, while areas that will be exposed to heavy traffic, like driveways, need about 12 inches of base Paver thickness is generally about 3- to 3 1/2-inches. Therefore, you need to dig a paver patio base depth of about 9 inches (22.86 cm) to accommodate any kind of paver. 5 inches (12.7 cm) of the hole will be filled with the base material for the base such sand or gravel. After digging the trench for the pavers, compact the soil in the hole.

Plate Compactor Basics for the DIY'er - Extreme How T

  1. Stone patios require a base layer of compacted stone and sand to keep the pavers from shifting, but the thickness of the base depends on the soil type. Clay soil has poor drainage, and it softens and erodes when it gets wet, so flagstones can shift and break with regular foot traffic
  2. Only after the pavers are set, is the sand compacted at the same time the pavers are locked in place. I've never seen the sand layer compacted first. Probably because you couldn't get the surface level and being compacted, maybe the pavers would be harder to set level. Then you would need to compact the paver layer again, locking them in place
  3. Compact sand on the soil. Remove soil to clay base. Compact sand on the soil. Compact road base over the clay. Relevel the sand. Lay washed quartz bedding sand and level, about 10mm above desired finished level. Lay pavers. Yep got that right. Run whacker over pavers again. Spread pave lock or similar over pavers
  4. My landscape paver friend tells me he seldom uses gravel for a patio and recommends that I use a well compacted layer of sand over well compacted soil. And, in my case, the only drainage I need to provide for is for rain on the actual patio because the garden is small and there are gutters
  5. A traditional base for a paver or stone patio is a 6-inch-deep layer of compacted gravel. For a typical 10 x 12-foot patio, that means carting away about 2-1/2 tons of soil, and hauling in the same amount of gravel. But there's an easier way. Let plastic panels take the place of the gravel base

Will plate compactor level pavers

  1. Soil settling is a primary cause of cracks in a concrete slab. Soil compaction increases the density of the soil, making it less prone to moisture and settling. To compact soil correctly for a concrete slab may involve numerous passes with a tamping machine and testing the soil's density before pouring the concrete
  2. The recommended base for pavers consists of 4 to 6 inches of compacted crushed stone. This is topped with a 1-inch layer of bedding sand. A 4-inch stone layer is considered adequate for paving that will carry pedestrian traffic, such as a sidewalk, in temperate areas with good drainage soil
  3. Sand set pavers have the lowest initial cost of the three options. The setting system can be altered, depending on the level of traffic that will be exposed to the installation system. The installation starts with grading and compacting the soil under the pavers. A geotextile drainage layer can be placed over the soil to help facilitate drainage
  4. Generally speaking, filling and compacting products refer to bulk material used for filling holes or underneath new concrete or paving. These product are usually not used as a finished surface, but in some cases modified compaction materials can be successfully used for driveways and pathways. Modification means the addition of cement powder to.
  5. What compaction equipment should I use for granular or cohesive soil? Rammers are ideal for high-clay or high-silt (cohesive) soils and high-moisture soils. They deliver thousands of pounds of impact force to the soil and a degree of vibration, compacting wet or dry soils
  6. BASE. Pavers are installed on a compacted granular aggregate which should be between 4 and 6 inches deep. The depth of the base layer is influenced by the soil type and application. The base layer should be leveled and compacted firmly, and will safeguard against the pavers shifting or settling

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Because paver pathways will sit on top of soil, there is always a chance that soil erosion and settling will lead to your installed patio pavers sinking. To prevent sinking, you must prepare a solid base for the pavers to sit on with good drainage qualities or install a drainage system Remove enough soil to allow for compacted aggregate base, about 1 of coarse sand and the thickness of the paver. Don't forget to pitch the deck. Continue the excavation at least 6 past the end of the deck. Some people mix cement into the existing soil to make a base in lieu of compacted aggregate. 4 In the hardscape world, we talk a lot about the importance of proper base preparation. In fact, the long-term performance of your paving stone project is determined by the quality of the work that is done to prepare the base below your pavers and walls. Base thickness is dependent on three things: Site soil compaction; Site soil drainag

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Avoid scuffs on paver surfaces.Pavers with embossed surfaces (high and low points) are more susceptible to scuff marks from plate compactors. Techo‑Bloc recommends the use of urethane mats between the plate and the paver surface when compacting. Techo ‑Bloc will not be held responsible for compaction scuffs or burns on pavers A plate compactor rented from the home and garden shop is good for leveling pavers and compacting soil and base (if you use one.) Get a minimum 5,000 lb (22 km N) machine and use ear plugs while operating Begin by excavating the area and compacting the soil. Add a crushed limestone base (3 - 4 is sufficient). Pour a 4 concrete slab. Add the FlexBond mortar and lay the Travertine Pavers, starting from the edge of the driveway inwards. Sand-set: Begin by excavating the area and compacting the soil

Find tampers at Lowe's today. Free Shipping On Orders $45+. Shop tampers and a variety of outdoors products online at Lowes.com Interlocking-paver plans that lack usual compaction often becomes uneven and unpredictable. For example, use a road built with interlocking-paving rocks. Without conventional compaction, both the sub-base and pavers require durability, generating shifting and confining This often requires compacted road base (fine and coarse gravel mix) depending on your soil and the traffic you will have on the paved area. If the base is compacted and the sand screeded properly then you don't need to use a compactor on the pavers. If you do compact after laying then as already suggested you need a mat under the plate, you.

Compacting and Sweeping - Spread and sweep polymeric sand over the top of the pavers. Then the compactor is used over the top of the pavers. The sand will vibrate from below and above into the joints. Add more sand on top and continue the process until you fill the joints—which will make for a solid paver surface The plate will push the pavers into the bedding sand and also joint the materials. In compaction, it's a common mistake to compact the bedding layer. You can't find a 100% height control thing in concrete products. When you go to the final compaction, the loose sand can make hard force up within the pavers. Step 7: Jointin Tips for Preventing and Correcting Soil Compaction. Incorporating any of the 3 tips below into a turf maintenance program can help reduce soil compaction. Reduce and direct traffic: Reduce traffic by the establishing pathways of concrete, pavers, gravel or dirt. Minimize traffic when the soil is wet or near field capacity. Take the extra.

Pavers - Compacting gravel base when wet/damp LawnSite

This video covers the proper techniques to compact clay pavers during installation so that your next paver project will provide the longevity, the look, and. If the pavers are loose when you are compacting them, then they may become uneven. When you are compacting the material and pavers, always try to go in different directions or patterns. Be sure to use a protective covering, such as a heavy gunnysack, over your plate compactor when you compress the pavers in order to avoid scuffing The pavers lie on a 5 1/2 -inch bed of sand and gravel. The bottom 4 inches is gravel to provide drainage. The top 1 1/2 inches is bedding sand that helps hold the pavers in place once they're compacted into it. Finer sand, sprinkled between the pavers, keeps them from shifting

Here are five reasons your patio pavers aren't level. The Base Isn't Compacted. Dips or pothole-like areas in your patio can be the result of a base that wasn't properly compacted during construction. This settling issue is caused by not filling in and compacting the soil properly before laying the pavers Driveway pavers that sit on top of poorly compacted areas will shift and compress over time. The weight of a vehicle will depress pavers into the weak spots, resulting in unattractive (and potentially dangerous) ruts and grooves on the surface. Joint Failure. Another nasty side effect of bad compaction is joint failure Laying Paver Walkway Idea - DIY Garden Pavers - DIY Backyard Paver Path. Tamp it down the ground with compactor. Take the level with line level and drag a board the length of the area. Screeding. Renting a small compactor for Compacting Soil Stepping stones, flagstone patios, and pavers are often set on compacted soil, compacted base, or several inches of sand, which obviously is not ideal for planting. The key to ground cover success is to give plants enough loose, nutrient-rich soil between the stones, preferably at least 6 inches deep for roots to grow and with gaps at least 2.

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Above the soil should be a layer of stone. This should be 6 of aggregate and should be compacted to help eliminate air pockets. Above this layer you should put a 2 to 4 sand setting bed. Compact this also. Finally, the travertine pavers should be laid on top of the sand. Tamp them slightly and make sure they are level 1. Prepare site. Remove all existing plants, lawn and constructed elements down to the level of undisturbed soil. Excavate down to the depth dictated by the design plan for the project. 2. Compact subgrade. This step ensures that the exposed soil is compacted to at least 95% or higher if the surface is to accommodate vehicular traffic I live in northern IL and our soil is not expansive. For building ours it was necessary to remove all topsoil, use gravel (compacted) then an inch of sand below the pavers. i have between 6-12 of gravel in this climate. Drains well and almost no movement in over 20 years. 3onthetree Installation steps typically include job planning, layout, excavating and compacting the soil subgrade, applying geotextiles (optional), spreading and compacting the sub-base and/or base aggregates, constructing edge, restraints, placing and screeding the bedding sand, placing concrete pavers, compacting concrete pavers, sweeping in jointing.

Do's and Don'ts of Paver Installation: Step 2 of 3 - Base

The soil needs to be compacted and leveled for a better foundation for the asphalt pavement. This preparation includes killing off the weeds and picking up all the stones or anything on the soil. Stones, grass, and anything on the soil will make the asphalt pavement not level and it will cause the asphalt pavement to be bumpy How to Install Travertine Pavers On Sand. Start by compacting the soil and make sure that the moisture content of the soil is right. Soil that is too damp or too dry may not compact properly. Establish a border around the edges of the project area using a soldier-course pattern with 6×12 Travertine Pavers And to ensure that you can progress faster, BOMAG builds the best soil compactor machines. As a member of the leading international FAYAT group, BOMAG supplies machines for all areas of road construction - from soil compactors to cold planers and recyclers, from asphalt rollers to road pavers. For over 60 years, the history of BOMAG has been. Compaction causes the destruction of soil structure. And that's bad news for your lawn. Most compaction happens in your lawn's root zone, the first two or three inches below the soil surface. Soil density increases. Air can't move through it, resulting in a buildup of carbon dioxide and other gases toxic to grass roots Soil compaction is of great benefit because firmer soil provides a stable base on which to rest the pavers on and can accommodate the weight load of cars without leaving depressions. This is what we do at Omega paving. Call us on 0977 304153 (whatsApp) 0968688838 0953 989088. 11


We are very satisfied with their installation. 4.5 Christa C. Indianapolis, IN. 5/17/2021. Install Brick or Stone Driveways & Floors. Had an old cement driveway removed and new driveway with pavers installed. It was quite a job of labor. Project took a little longer than anticipated, mostly due to outside contractors, such as dumpster deliver. compacted native soil paver paver gator base gator base compacted sand 1/2 (13 mm) compacted sand 1/2 (13 mm) compacted 0-3/4 crushed stone minimum 2 (5 cm) compacted crushed stone gator fabric gf 4.4 gator fabric gf 4.4 concrete slab minimum 4 (10 cm) compacted native soil drainage hole load bearing Compacted soil is a good idea only if you're installing a patio for just one season. This is because a compacted soil base can allow the pavers to shift or sink unless the soil is properly compacted and cleared from weeds and grass. Stone dust is a base material that you should avoid if you can due to several reasons. The main problem with.

COMPACTING AGGREGATE BASE Use a tamper or vibrating plate compactor to compact loose soil in the excavated area. Install a string line and pound several wooden grade stakes along it, so that the top of the stakes will be level with the top of the base material (figure 2) Make your paver base out of crushed stone, sand, stone dust, or compacted soil. How do I prevent weeds from growing between pavers? Applying polymeric sand to the seams between your pavers is the most effective way to prevent weeds INTERLOCKING CONCRETE PAVERS/ CONCRETE PAVING SLABS PART 1 GENERAL Note: This guide specification for manually installed concrete paver applications in North America should be edited to fit project conditions and location. Notes are given on the use of a compacted aggregate base under the bedding sand and pavers. Other base materials may be used Lay the pavers on top of the sand, beginning in one corner and moving in a line to the opposite corner. Tap the surface of each paver with a rubber mallet to seat it into the sand to a depth of about 1/2 inch. Fill in all the pavers until the patio area is complete. Use the level to make sure all the pavers are flat. Can you lay tiles on soil About pavers and ground compaction. Ground compaction is the most important stage in the paver's installation. This is the stage during which you must pay the most attention if you want to avoid problems and expense later. Most problems with pavers are caused by poor compaction. Depending on the type of soil, you may have to add sub base

Poor Soil 9 11 15 Good Soil 4 6 8 Poor Soil 6 8 12 Project Walkway/Patio Pool Deck* Driveway Excavation Depth Base Thickness *Because an in-ground pool installation involves a lot of excavation, a large volume of earth is disturbed. Unless you are confident that the soil has been properly back-filled and compacted in lifts, it may be. The soil underneath construction sites is the groundwork for any construction project. Crucial for providing support for foundations, buildings, pavements, and other structures, soil compaction is an essential piece to safe and successful jobs The embankments are constructed with locally available soils, provided it fulfils the specified requirements. Procedure of compaction to be adopted will depend on the type of soil being used in construction. General guidelines to deal with compaction of various types of soils for attaining optimum dry density/relative density at minimum effort, have been briefly given [ ALSO, if you're compacting more than 24, you should use a machine. The reason is that you really should not hand-compact more than 6 lifts, and that can take a lot of time. You really cannot hand compact a 12 lift, but a machine can. Some fools will sometimes try to jet soil in a large lift, and come back the following day and compact the top

D. Compact Soil Subgrade with overlapping passes using a plate compactor. Be sure to compact perpendicular to the original direction as well. Frequently check the area to ensure the Soil Subgrade remains flat and properly sloped during compaction, raking soil into low areas as needed and re-compacting until satisfied Since running dump trucks and compaction equipment will damage the curbs, the following sequence should be considered: pour the curbs on the sides of the pavement, compact the soil and base up to the header beam location, pour the header beam, compact the soil, then place and compact base after removal of forms around the cured header

Pavers Installation - Leveling a Paver Base - Build a

Size Matters! Have no fear! There is a solution for this compaction problem. The solution has been tested, measured, compared, and deemed superior to other possible solutions, by the Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute, among others.Teams of experts spent years on this and it turns out, after much study, that the most reliable, best way to ensure super-solid compaction of base materials. The best type of gravel for a paver base is medium 3/4-inch crushed rock. This gravel comes in irregular shapes with sharp edges that wedge together when compacted. Larger gravel is not as stable but can be used as a first layer beneath medium gravel if your soil has a heavy clay consistency Place 1 of C-33 washed concrete leveling sand. Next, lay the pavers. 2 3/8 thick pavers are recommended for residential driveways. Set pavers 1/4 high before compaction for proper compacted finish grade. Compact the pavers into the leveling sand and secure edge restraints along the perimeters of the new pavement

Plate compactors are used for soil compaction, asphalt and compacting pavers into place. To be able get into tight areas tamper rammers have a smaller foot or shoe. For quicker job completion reversible plate compactors using both forward and reversing movement of the compaction plate are available Okiryu (Civil/Environmental) 30 Oct 17 06:09. Grade of compaction is based on the soil water content. So, yes, rain will affect compaction (negatively). However you have granular soils (A-1 and A-3 soils) which drain well so the negative impact is less in your case

If you decide to use compacted soil during your project, ensure there's another foundational material on top of it. Installing connecting pavers directly on top of the dirt can interfere with drainage and cause unevenness. Compacted soil should only serve as a subgrade to sand, gravel or other bases. Step 5: Bring in the San Compact your base soil using a plate compactor, checking to ensure proper elevation and slope. This slope should be at least 2 degrees to ensure proper water drainage. Install a geotextile over the compacted soil. This is a fabric specifically designed to be buried in the ground and helps with soil stability, erosion control, and drainage C. Verify that aggregate base materials, thickness, compaction, surface tolerances, and elevations conform to the specifications. Note: For installation on a compact aggregate base and soil subgrade, the specifier should be aware that the top surface of the pavers may be 1/8 to 1/4 in. (3 to 6 mm) above the final elevations after compaction Step 1: Lay and Compact the Gravel Base. Your patio needs the support of a gravel paver base. Add the gravel in 2- to 3-inch layers, wet it and run the plate compactor over it. Continue until you have a 6-inch base. Remember to keep the slope uniform Easier Paver Patios. A traditional base for a paver or stone patio is a 6-in.-deep layer of compacted gravel. For a typical 10 x 12-ft. patio, that means carting away about 2-1/2 tons of soil, and hauling in the same amount of gravel. But there's an easier way. Let plastic panels take the place of the gravel base

Compacting GravelHow to Install a Dry-Laid Paver Patio - BuildipediaA Guide to Pea Gravel, Gravel, Crushed Stone, River Rocks

Never work with frozen base material or soil! 3. Compacting the material in lifts or layers. You must spread & compact the base material in a maximum of 3 to 4 layers. (If using a hand tamper only, layer no more than 2 at a time.) thoroughly compacted before spreading the next one. Check elevations and surface f and compacting the soil subgrade, applying geotextiles (op - tional), spreading and compacting the sub-base and/or base aggregates, constructing edge restraints, placing and screed-ing the bedding sand, and placing concrete pavers. For larger installations mechanical placement of pavers may be more economical Cease any further compaction if damage occurs. Figure 6. Paver installation over cast-in-place concrete CONCRETE CURB GRASS TOPSOIL COMPACTED MINIMUM 4-6 (100-150MM) SOIL SUBGRADE UNILOCK PAVERS JOINTING SAND 1 THICK BEDDING COURSE OF 1/8 CLEAR CHIP STONE 4 - 6 REINFORCED CONCRETE PAD WITH POSITIVE DRAINAGE AWAY FROM STRUCTURES GEOTEXTIL Paver with sand filled joints. 2. Beeding sand nominal 0.25 - 1.00. 3. Compracted aggregate or stabilized base to suit traffic and enviromental conditions 4 to 8. 4. Geotextile as required by design/structure. 5. Compacted soil sub - grade We will then add grading soil to allow for proper drainage after the paver is complete, or remove soil for the same effect. Interior Compacting; Industrial grade compactors will then be used to eliminate any air gaps in the soil to avoid instability of the final product. Optional GeoTextile Fabri Step 8 - Compacting the Paving Stones. Finish installation of edge restraints. Then sweep the surface to remove debris. Starting on the perimeter and working towards the center, make two surface passes with the plate compactor to embed pavers into the sand. Make final adjustments in alignment or leveling at this time