Home

Nursing management of male infertility

Hey guys, so today we're going to learn about male infertility. By the end of this lesson, you will have a better understanding of what male infertility is, what causes it, associated testing and management, and nursing considerations relating to male infertility. Ok guys, so male infertility is the involuntary inability to conceive when desired Nursing considerations for the treatment of male infertility 324 Sam Finkelberg, Peggy King, Joseph Kiper, Kim McGee, and Kathleen Hart 36. Cost-effectiveness of male infertility treatments 328 Richard Lee, Philip S. Li, and Peter N. Schlegel 37. Future of male infertility research and treatment 337 Antoine A. Makhlouf and Craig S. Niederberger.

03.02 Nursing Care and Pathophysiology for Male Infertilit

Medical management of male infertility - N. Pandiyan. Retrograde ejaculation Retrograde ejaculation is the commonest cause of aspermia. Retrograde ejaculation particularly due to diabetic autonomic neuropathy may be alleviated by the use of a sympathomimetic agent. Success has also been reported with antihistamini Treatment options for male factor infertility include medical treatment of a diagnosed endocrinopathy or other condition affecting sperm production, empiric treatments with hormonal or other agents, surgical management of varicocele, intrauterine insemination, IVF, and ICSI. 18 Options appropriate for some diagnoses (e.g., ovulation induction in PCOS or unexplained infertility) may not be appropriate for others (e.g., women with documented tubal occlusion) Male infertility underlies or contributes to up to 50% of infertility cases; current therapeutic interventions rely on assisted reproductive technology (ART), as medical or surgical treatments have limited value in enhancing semen quality or parameters Infertility is a growing issue for couples. Primary care NPs can manage initial treatment as well as address the emotional and financial burdens of patients experiencing infertility. NPs can provide timely access to investigations and treatment, helping patients achieve their goal of pregnancy sooner It is estimated that infertility affects 8-12% of couples globally, with a male factor being a primary or contributing cause in approximately 50% of couples. Causes of male subfertility vary highly, but can be related to congenital, acquired, or idiopathic factors that impair spermatogenesis. Many health conditions can affect male fertility, which underscores the need for a thorough.

Assessment. When a couple could not create a child for at least one year, it is termed as subfertility. Primary subfertility is when there are no previous conceptions. Secondary subfertility occurs when the couple was able to conceive in the past yet could not do so at the present. Assess alcohol, drug and tobacco use Nursing and Collaborative Management Infertility The management of infertility problems depends on the cause. If infertility is secondary to an alteration in ovarian function, supplemental hormone therapy to restore and maintain ovulation may be used. Drug therapy to treat infertility is presented in Table 54-2 Treatment of Male Infertility Underlying etiology determines the therapeutic course, although male infertility is unexplained in 40% to 50% of cases. 29 When the semen analysis is abnormal,..

Chapter 6 Surgical Management of Male Infertility 91 This chapter describes the most common surgical options in the management of male infertility. It includes not only the reconstructive interventions for the male reproductive system but also the sperm retrieval tech-niques to be used in cases of obstructive azoospermia (OA) and NOA Objective . To highlight the concept of unexplained male infertility and discuss the potential causes and its proper management.. Design . Review of literature. Results . Male infertility of unknown origin is a condition in which fertility impairment occurs spontaneously or due to an obscure or unknown cause. It includes two categories, unexplained male infertility and idiopathic male infertility Evidence is limited on whether — or how much — herbs or supplements might help increase male fertility. None of these supplements treats a specific underlying cause of infertility, such as a sperm duct defect or chromosomal disorder. Supplements with studies showing possible benefits for improving sperm count or quality include: Coenzyme Q1

Medical management of male infertilit

We intend to consult with other federal agencies, professional and consumer organizations, the scientific community, the health care community, industry, and other stakeholders, and participate in the development of a national public health plan for the prevention, detection, and management of infertility. a Saleh RA, Agarwal A (2002) Oxidative stress and male infertility: from research bench to clinical practice. J Androl23: 737-752. Dandona P, Rosenberg MT (2010) A practical guide to male hypogonadism in the primary care setting. Int J ClinPract 64: 682-696 -Explains about the infertility management & specific treatment. 26. Role of Nurse in Infertility counseling: -Receiving the patient & family, and make them accessible & comfortable for counseling. -Fertility nurse specialists provide care for the individuals and couples before, during, and after fertility treatment. 27 Male factor infertility Medical management. Gonadotrophins may be given in men with hypogonadotropic hypogonadism 5; Surgical management. Surgical correction of any blockage within the male genital tract should be offered to restore patency and improve fertility. 1,5; Assisted conception methods for female and male factor infertility There are several treatment possibilities for management of male infertility. Some strategies suggested or proposed for avoiding male infertility include the following: Antioxidant therapy to reduce the excess ROS and the patient should be immediately advised to avoid tobacco use as abstinence from tobacco use could help lower seminal ROS.

Tests for men. Male fertility requires that the testicles produce enough healthy sperm, and that the sperm is ejaculated effectively into the vagina and travels to the egg. Tests for male infertility attempt to determine whether any of these processes are impaired. You may have a general physical exam, including examination of your genitals Management of Infertility. Comparative Effectiveness Review No. 217. (Prepared by the Duke Evidence-based Practice Center under Contract No. 290-2015-00004-I.) AHRQ Publication No. 19-EHC014-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; May 2019. Posted final reports are located on the Effective Health Care Program search page Von den Grundlagen wirtschaftlichen Handelns zum Experten-Know-how - jetzt informieren! Am Hochschulbereich der FOM erwerben Berufstätige unverzichtbare Zusatzqualifikationen

Management of Infertility Effective Health Care Progra

design management of the patient and the couple. The purpose of this guideline is to outline the appropriate evaluation and management of the male in an infertile couple. Recommendations proceed from obtaining an appropriate history and physical exam (Appendix I), as well as diagnostic testing, where indicated Management. The authors describe management guidelines in cases of azoospermia, varicocele, and idiopathic male infertility. The type of azoospermia (pretesticular, testicular or post-testicular) guides treatment. Azoospermia. A pretesticular cause is the result of an endocrine abnormality and can be managed with hormonal therapy to induce. 35. Nursing considerations for the treatment of male infertility Sam Finkelberg, Peggy King, Joseph Kiper, Kim McGee and Kathleen Hart 36. Cost effectiveness of male infertility treatments Richard Lee, Philip S. Li and Peter N. Schlegel 37. Future of male infertility research and treatment Antoine A. Makhlouf and Craig S. Niederberger Index

An update on the management of male infertility

  1. Infertility caused by a problem in the male, for example, inability of ejaculate or insufficient number of sperm. Infertility is not just a disease that affects women—men suffer as well. In fact, new studies show that in approximately 40 percent of infertility couples the male partner is either the sole cause or a contributing cause of.
  2. Male Infertility Treatment Team. This list represents the breadth of Penn Medicine providers who specialize in the treatment and management of male infertility, often working together as a team to provide the highest level of patient care. We can assist you in finding the provider that is right for you
  3. Male infertility is any health issue in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant. About 13 out of 100 couples can't get pregnant with unprotected sex. There are many causes for infertility in men and women. In over a third of infertility cases, the problem is with the man
  4. imum of at least one year of unprotected intercourse. The male is solely responsible for about 20% and is a contributing factor in another 30% to 40% of all infertility cases. [3] As male and female causes often co-exist, it is important that.

1.1. Aim. The European Association of Urology (EAU) Guidelines Panel on Male Infertility has prepared these Guidelines to assist urologists and healthcare professionals from related specialties in the treatment of male infertility. Urologists are usually the initial specialty responsible for assessing men when male infertility is suspected Lifestyle has a profound effect on fertility—obesity, smoking, alcohol, and recreational drugs negatively affect the chance of conception and pregnancy outcome. Male infertility may be increasing, possibly because of environmental pollution. Success rates of in vitro fertilisation may improve with a better understanding of embryo physiology Medical and Surgical Management of Male Infertility: 9789350259467: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Amazon.co

Our clinical practice, Penn Fertility Care, has a well-developed program for the management of female and male infertility including in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic injection of spermatozoa (ICSI) fertility preservation, preimplantation genetic diagnosis, and polycystic ovary syndrome. The IVF program, one of the first in the country. The key to the modern management of male infertility, the evaluation and treatment of azoospermia whether it is due to obstruction or spermatogenic dysfunction, is discussed in detail. For the practicing urologist, the nuts and bolts of the infertility office visit, semen analysis and processing, and contraception are reviewed Disclosure: The focused issue Genetic Causes and Management of Male Infertility was commissioned by the editorial office, Translational Andrology and Urology without any sponsorship or funding. Keith Jarvi and Jared Bieniek are are serving as the unpaid Guest Editors for the focused issue Evaluation of male infertility starts with care. Unexplained infertility in women or men may be managed with another year of unprotected intercourse, or may the management of infertility.

Infertility is defined as inability of a couple to conceive naturally after one year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. It remains a major clinical and social problem, affecting perhaps one couple in six. Evaluation usually starts after 12 months; however it may be indicated earlier. The most common causes of infertility are: male factor such as sperm abnormalities, female factor such. 5.13 Defining infertility 76 6 Investigation of fertility problems and management strategies 80 6.1 Introduction 80 6.2 Investigation of suspected male factor infertility 80 6.3 Investigation of suspected ovulation disorders 84 6.4 Investigation of suspected tubal and uterine abnormalities 10 A number of medications have been identified as causes of male infertility including chemotherapy, antihypertensives, hormones, psychotropics, antidepressants, and antibiotics ( TABLE 1 ). 11,12 Testosterone replacement therapy is a common medical etiology of male factor infertility and has an adverse effect on spermatogenesis

PPT - Timby/Smith: Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing

Infertility management in primary care : The Nurse

  1. Treatments for Male Infertility. Our specialists treat several types of infertility so you can start or expand your family. To ensure you receive the best care possible, we offer the latest treatment options available. With in-depth research, our experts have developed new diagnostic and therapeutic options for male infertility
  2. Obesity is a growing epidemic and a common problem among reproductive-age men that can both cause and exacerbate male-factor infertility by means of endocrine abnormalities, associated comorbidities, and direct effects on the fidelity and throughput of spermatogenesis. Robust epidemiologic, clinical, genetic, epigenetic, and nonhuman animal data support these findings
  3. Introduction. WHO defines infertility as the inability to conceive after at least 12 months of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. 1 Infertility is a major health problem worldwide and is estimated to affect 8-12% of couples in the reproductive age group. 2 A Global Burden of Disease survey reported that between 1990 and 2017, the age-standardised prevalence of infertility increased.
  4. Infertility affects nearly 7% of all men. There can be numerous causes to it such as poor quality of semen, low sperm production, erectile dysfunction, etc. However, you don't have to worry about it as effective treatment is now easily available. Pristyn Care specialist doctors in India provide the best treatment for male infertility
  5. In men who have met the definition of severe male factor infertility with abnormal sperm quality or quantity more than 2 weeks apart in the past; and then had a successful varicocelectomy resulting in normal sperm quality or quantity, ICSI is considered not medically necessary
  6. The unique quality of this medical condition involves affecting both the patient and the patient's partner as a couple. Although male infertility is an important part of any infertility discussion, this paper will review the evaluation, management, and treatment of female infertility
  7. Management of Male Infertility. If abnormalities are found on the semen analysis, a urologic referral is prudent. If the abnormalities are not correctable, the couple with isolated male factor infertility may then be referred to an infertility specialist. Your role as a nurse practitioner is vital is helping couples achieve a pregnancy.

Infertility is a medical condition that can cause psychological, physical, mental, spiritual, and medical detriments to the patient. The unique quality of this medical condition involves affecting both the patient and the patient's partner as a couple. Although male infertility is an important part of any infertility discussion, this paper will review the evaluation, management, and treatment. The two organizations agreed to collaborate to prepare documents of importance in the field of male infertility. In October 2007, an updated assessment of the literature on male infertility by the AUA Practice Guidelines Committee (PGC) found insufficient outcomes data to support a formal meta-analysis and an evidence-based guideline Sexual dysfunction is a problem in a person's sexual desire, arousal, or orgasm. Sexual dysfunction is common. It affects as many as 30% of men and 40% of women. For couples dealing with infertility, it is even more common. Often, people ignore or downplay the sexual problems of infertile couples. Many think that the issues will go away on. The most common cause of female infertility is a problem with ovulation. The most common cause of male infertility is a problem with sperm cells and how they function. Other factors that may affect fertility include: Age. Lifestyle. Health conditions Sometimes no cause is found. This is called unexplained infertility Male infertility treatment and management. Medscape. emedicine.medscape.com, last updated December 2018; Kroese ACJ, de Lange, NM, Collins J, et al. Surgery or embolization for varicoceles in subfertile men. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. cochranelibrary.com, published October 2012; Male infertility clinical presentation

Globally, male infertility management is shared with gynecologists, endocrinologists, dermatologists, internists and embryologists, especially in the setting of assisted reproduction . This fact justifies the writing of manuscripts such as this one, which is aimed at highlighting the current state of male infertility practice in a simplified. 1 in 6 couples in the U.S. deal with infertility — that's nearly 17%. [ii] Male factor infertility is the primary medical issue in about 30% of all infertility cases. [ii] Male infertility is a factor in 30 - 50% percent of couples trying to get pregnant a second time. [iii Inequality comes in many forms, but race-related disparities in fertility and maternal health, especially among Black women, are particularly resistant to change. Black, Indigenous, and People of Color (BIPOC) continue to have higher rates of infertility and lower rates of accessing fertility care than their white contemporaries — as well as a higher risk of maternal mortality Subfertility is a delay in conceiving. Infertility is the inability to conceive naturally after one year of trying. In subfertility, the possibility of conceiving naturally exists, but takes. This review discusses the impact of obesity on the male reproductive system and fertility, including associated mechanisms. Furthermore, weight management strategies, lifestyle changes, prescription medication, and complementary and alternative medicine in the management of obesity-induced subfertility is discussed

Male infertility - The Lance

Male Infertility and the Importance of Addressing Lifestyle Parameters - A conversation you need to have with your infertile patients at the first visit by Ricardo Correa, MD, EdD, FACP, FACE. Treatment of Male Infertility There are four primary approaches to the management of male factor infertility. The first is to treat the underlying cause of infertility in the male, if reversible, such as in the case of anabolic steroid-induced male infertility, to improve the inherent potential for fertility

This evidence-based content will assist nurses to function in their roles safely and proficiently, ultimately contributing to improved quality of care and patient outcomes. Course Outline: 1. Female Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology. 2. Causes of Female Infertility. 3. Male Reproductive Anatomy and Physiology. 4 A type 1 excludes note is a pure excludes. It means not coded here. A type 1 excludes note indicates that the code excluded should never be used at the same time as Z31.A type 1 excludes note is for used for when two conditions cannot occur together, such as a congenital form versus an acquired form of the same condition

A varicocele is a common condition that can affect men of different ages and stages of life. Most people experience mild or no symptoms. Deciding whether to treat a varicocele is up to you. Wearing a supportive jockstrap or over-the-counter pain medication may be enough to resolve minor symptoms. Varicoceles can cause male infertility Chapter 52, Nursing Management: Sexually Transmitted Infections. A woman with chlamydial infection complains of pelvic pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, and abnormal vaginal bleeding. What might be the possible cause of these symptoms? The patient is being treated for a recurrent episode of chlamydia Dr. James Kashanian specializes in management of male infertility, low testosterone, and sexual dysfunction, with a particular clinical focus on surgical management of erectile dysfunction including penile prosthesis surgery, as well as fertility preservation in cancer patients Male Infertility. We are dedicated to diagnosing and treating male infertility and sexual dysfunction. Health counseling, medications, or surgery are some of the ways we can medically manage male infertility. We will create a personalized care plan to help you reach your family's goals in the least invasive way possible Male infertility analysis typically begins with a semen analysis, a patient history, and physical examination which will determine next steps in care. This review article focuses on the role of karyotype testing in the male infertility evaluation as karyotype testing in infertility is an important tool to diagnose causes for infertility and can.

Health care providers recommend that both male and female partners get tested for infertility if pregnancy fails to occur after 1 year of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Fertility testing should be done earlier if a woman is over age 35 or if either partner has known risk factors for infertility * The effective management of infertility is important as infertility affects approximately one out of seven couples, † and is a contributing factor to Singapore's low total fertility rate. When patients present at the primary care level with fertility issues, the primary care physician is in a unique position to provide patient education Infertility is defined clinically in women and men who cannot achieve pregnancy after 1 year of having intercourse without using birth control, and in women who have two or more failed pregnancies. Studies suggest that after 1 year of having unprotected sex, 15% of couples are unable to conceive, and after 2 years, 10% of couples still have not had a successful pregnancy.1,2 In couples younger.

NURSE 216 Study Guide (2013-14 Frum) - Instructor Frum at

Subfertility: Nursing Assessment and Managemen

A male factor is solely responsible in about 20% of infertile couples and contributory in another 30-40%. 1 If a male infertility factor is present, it is almost always defined by the finding of an abnormal semen analysis, although other male factors may play a role even when the semen analysis is normal. This review offers recommendations for. Infertility is an inability to get pregnant or to produce a baby after 1 year of unprotected sexual intercourse. Altered fertility is another name for infertility. • At least one previous pregnancy has occurred, but a successful pregnancy has not been realized at the current time Symptoms Associated With Male Infertility. Though your inability to father a child is one key sign that you might be suffering from male infertility, some other telltale symptoms are linked to the condition. These include difficulty with your sense of smell, pain in your testicles, a decrease in the growth of body and facial hair, and recurring.

InfertilityDr

Strategies and the Nursing Care Management of Adolescents Diagnosed with PCOS Phaedra Thomas, RN BSN • Leading cause of oligomenorrhea, hirsutism, and infertility • Most common endocrine disorder in premenopausal women • Clinical criteria, pathophysiology, and treatment still debated • Hair thinning- male pattern baldnes Male Infertility redresses this balance by increasing awareness of both the causes and management of infertility in the male. This revised and updated edition contains new chapters covering urological disorders that may occur concomitantly with male infertility, such as testicular cancer, penile disorders and prostate cancer Chesapeake Urology male sexual and reproductive health specialists recommend a complete evaluation for male patients, including a semen analysis, to identify the cause of a couples' infertility. The evaluation is a critical component of solving the cause of the infertility and needs to be performed and managed by experienced physicians and a. Varicocelectomy is the most common procedure for male infertility. Varicoceles are found in approximately 10-15% of unmarried, male military recruits, [ 46] in 35% of infertile men who have. Anabolic steroid misuse and male infertility: management and strategies to improve patient awareness (2021) ABSTRACT Introduction: Anabolic-androgenic steroid use is an uncommon but important cause of male infertility. As paternal age and anabolic steroid use increase, providers are more likely than ever to encounter men with infertility and prior or concurrent anabolic steroid use

Male infertility is identified as a cause in 19-57% of all infertile couples. 1, 4, 7, 8 Estimates of the prevalence of ovulatory disorders vary from 21% to 32%, 14% to 26% for tubal disorders and 5% to 6% for endometriosis. 1, 4, 7 Estimates of the prevalence of unexplained infertility vary from 8% to 30%. 9 One-third of infertile couples. To manage male infertility caused by hormonal imbalance, infections and other predicaments, multifarious treatment strategies are emerging worldwide. Contemporary treatments, such as assisted reproductive techniques, are costly with low success rates of only 10-30%; however, herbal remedies are gaining more attention as an alternative or supplementary therapeutic modality for male infertility Primary infertility: The inability to conceive after 1 year of unprotected intercourse for a woman younger than 35, or after 6 months of unprotected intercourse for a woman 35 or older. Secondary infertility: The inability of a woman to conceive who previously was able to do so. Infertility is more common in older women Etiology . Azoospermia is defined as the absence of spermatozoa in the seminal fluid. Causes of infertility in the azoospermic male may be categorized as pretesticular, testicular, or post-testicular Introduction. Infertility in the male is a common cause of childlessness. Although the incidence of all the causes of infertility in a single clinic will relate to the special interests of the staff in that clinic, it is generally agreed that male problems make up between one‐third to one half of all the factors that contribute to a couple's problem with conception ( Hull et al., 1985 )

Nursing Management: Female Reproductive Problems Nurse Ke

Infertility is typically defined as the inability to conceive after at least one year of regular, unprotected sex. This affects 15-20% of couples. 1 A male factor is estimated to be present in about 50% of cases, with sole responsibility in 30% of cases and a co-contributing female factor in 20% of factors. 2 Male infertility is associated with significant psychosocial and marital stress. Approach 2: Medical management of male infertility This is typically done when their is documented hormonal deficiency affecting a mans sperm output. Suitable hormonal injections are administered depending on the problem at hand. Medications are added on if required. Approach 3: Surgical management of male infertility The aim of the study is to understand the effective management of infertility in general practice. Role of GP Couple - centered management Both partners should be involved in the management of infertility (RCOG, 1998). Both male and female partner of the couple should be assessed for infertility (Jenkins et al 2003) Free Online Library: Medical and Surgical Management of Male Infertility.(Report) by Journal of Reproduction and Infertility; Health, general Gynecological surgery Health aspects Usage Gynecology, Operative Care and treatment Infertility, Male Male infertility Science literature Evaluation Scientific literatur Management of infertility. Delay in childbearing and the adverse effect of increasing age on women's fertility have increased referrals for fertility investigations and treatment. In the past 25 years the percentage of births to women age 30 and over in England and Wales has doubled (see fig A on bmj.com). 1 2 One in six couples require.

Ayusya Home Health Care Pvt Ltd-Bangalore-Chennai-MaduraiOperational - Reproductive Health GroupMeet the team - GCRM Belfast Clinic

Evaluation and Treatment of Infertility - American Family

The Y-chromosomal region studied in this paper has been associated with male infertility before, but this is the first time the genetic variation of such a large clinical sample has been investigated Infertility is defined as the failure to achieve pregnancy after 12 months of regular unprotected sexual intercourse. Approximately 85% of infertile couples have an identifiable cause. The most common causes of infertility are ovulatory dysfunction, male factor infertility, and tubal disease Spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs most often to young men. Following SCI, most men are infertile due to a combination of erectile dysfunction, ejaculatory dysfunction and semen abnormalities. Erectile dysfunction may be treated by the same therapies that are used in the general population. Similarly, the same treatments that are effective to assist conception in couples with non-SCI male factor. Jungwirth A, Giwercman A, Tournaye H, et al. European Association of Urology guidelines on Male Infertility: the 2012 update. Eur Urol 2012; 62:324. World Health Organization. Towards more objectivity in diagnosis and management of male infertility. Int J Androl 1987; 7(Suppl):1. Baker HWG. Development of clinical trials in male infertility. Infertility Risk Factors for Women and Men. Many things can affect fertility for men and women. Some factors can affect how easily a woman ovulates, gets pregnant, or gives birth to a baby. Men have risk factors, too. Many things can affect the health of their sperm. Risk factors for wome

40. Care of Men with Reproductive Disorders Nurse Ke

Workshop's Objectives. to present an overview of the current state of daily practices and challenges in the treatment of severe male infertility in ART lab. to offer expert hands-on training in the available treatment options and techniques for the processing, cryopreservation and sperm selection of samples with limited number of spermatozoa Introduction. The prevalence of male hypogonadism is estimated to be between 2% and 13% of the adult male population in the world. 1 Incidence rises with age, with up to 40% of men aged ≥45 years diagnosed with hypogonadism through various testosterone assays. 2 In middle-aged men, total testosterone is approximated to have a 0.8-1.6% yearly decline. 3 Decreased libido, depressed mood.

Diagnosis & Treatment of Ovarian Cancer - Video & Lesson

Male Infertility - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshel

In obstructive infertility, sperm is blocked from exiting the penis during ejaculation. In nonobstructive infertility, there may be a problem with sperm production or quality or with its ability to fertilize an egg. A total absence of sperm is the cause of infertility in about 10 to 15 percent of infertile men A recent report on the status of infertility in India, states that nearly 50% of infertility is related to reproductive anomalies or disorders in the male 15 . 'Male factor' infertility is seen as an alteration in sperm concentration and/or motility and/or morphology in at least one sample of two sperm analyses, collected between 1 and 4 weeks. The diagnosis and management of idiopathic male infertility is an integral component of comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services. Idiopathic male infertility can be an emotional burden and financial strain for couples This is an enlargement of veins in the scrotum, or the sack of skin encasing the testicles. This condition is a common cause of low sperm production and infertility in men. About 30% of infertile men have testicular varicocele. Poor-quality semen. Semen is the fluid that carries sperm. After age 40, the quality of semen tends to decline

The male reproductive structures include the penis, the scrotum, the testes, the epididymis, the seminal vesicles, and the prostate. Primary infertility is a term used to describe a couple that has never been able to conceive a pregnancy after a minimum of 1 year of attempting to do so through unprotected intercourse Together with Consulting Editor Dr. Samir Taneja, Dr. Badrinath Konety has put together a comprehensive issue that addresses the latest clinical updates in Male Infertility. Expert authors have contributed clinical review articles on the following topics: Cutting edge evaluation in male infertility; Optimal endocrine evaluation and treatment; Sperm extraction in obstructive azoospermia: What. The ability of a couple to become pregnant depends on normal fertility in both the male and female partners. In one study, among all cases of infertility in developed countries, about 8 percent can be traced to male problems, 37 percent can be traced to female problems, and 35 percent can be traced to problems in both the male and female partners